Crafts: An Overview

When the word ‘craft’ is mentioned, majority thinks it deals with only paper craft but I will have you know that craft goes far and wide beyond paper. It is a skill that requires manual dexterity and artistic penchant. In today’s post, you will be enlightened on what craft really is and the common types of crafts.

What is Craft?
The term ‘craft’ denotes a skill, usually employed in branches of the decorative arts (e.g ceramics) or in associated artistic practice (e.g lace-making). Craft is an occupation or avocation that requires special and artistry skill. A key feature of crafts is that they involve high degree of “hands-on” craftsmanship rather than just skill with machine.
According to Wikipedia, crafts as a whole can be described based on two forms:
Art form: Crafts as an art form is an outlet of human expression, usually influenced by culture and which in turn help to change culture. Crafts are a physical manifestation of the internal creative impulse.
Visual art: Crafts as a visual arts form include painting, sculpture, photography, printmaking and others, that focus on the creation of works which are primarily visual in nature.
Crafting includes a variety of art forms, from sculpture and metalwork to knitting and printing. Common types of crafts includes: Ceramic and Glass Crafts, Fiber and Textile Crafts, Flower Crafts, Leatherwork, House ware, Fashion, Needlework, Paper Crafts, Wood and Furniture Crafts, Stone Crafts, Metal Crafts.

It is basically a myth that crafts are only for children. It will be worthwhile to know that crafts are not only for children rather they are for all age group –so long as the person has the penchant for it. Crafts cuts across all fields of human endeavours.

Types of Crafts
Like arts, crafts deals with beauty and creativity. Crafts can be divided into five basic types based on their form and purpose. We have the textile, decorative, paper, functional, and fashion crafts.

Textile craft: This includes any type of craft where you work with fabric, yarn or surface design. Some examples are knitting, quilting, appliqué, weaving, and dyeing. Many of these could obviously also fall into the decorative or fashion categories since the finished goods are often sold as sweaters or wall hangings. However, they are technically textile crafts since they all start with fabric.

Image Credit: Canva

Paper craft: As the name implies, paper crafts have to do with paper. It includes papier-mâché, boxing, collage, calligraphy, paper making and origami paper folding.

Image credit: Google

Decorative craft: Furniture making, metalwork, stenciling, stained glass, gilding, sponge ware, and basketry all fall into the category of decorative crafts. This category also includes toy-making and other arts. Combining furniture making with metalwork is a popular trend.

Image Credit:

Fashion craft: This craft encompasses all the elements of dressing the human body: jewelry, hats, leatherwork (shoes, belts, handbags), and garments. It naturally intersects with other craft types since jewelry can be made through metalworking and garments are fabricated by sewing –which can be classified as textile craft. Fashion involves a variety of materials from soft fabrics such as cotton, linen, and wool to sturdier materials such as nylon, canvas, and leather.

Image Credit:

Functional craft: Many of the other types of crafts can also be classified as functional. For example, decorative pottery –including serving platters and utensils – is often made with components that are okay for people to eat from. Many furniture crafts are primarily functional but can also be quite decorative.

We hope you have learnt a great deal about craft in today’s post. Do well to subscribe to our mailing list, so you can receive the post notification for subsequent post. Stay safe and Keep Crafting!


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